The Diadoumenos is a statue in the round dated from the 5th century BC, in the middle of the classical period (490-338 BC), originally in bronze, the only ones that have survived are those in marble. This statue is that of a naked young athlete, standing, leaning on his right leg, left leg slightly carried backwards; with his arms raised, the athlete originally attached a victory band around his forehead.
Its name comes from the headband, because diadoumenos means "he who is girded with the headband". The particularity of this statue is the dynamism that emerges from it, particularly thanks to the movement given by the back and shoulders.
Polyclete and the Canon
The Diadoumenos was made by Polyclete, between 460 to 420 BC, he was the first sculptor to write a treatise on his work, the Canon (or ruler in Greek), defines numerical relationships between body parts. The literary references refer to a Diadoumenos made by the artist. Even more convincing is the undeniable kinship that unites the type with that of the Doryphoros, Polyclete's most famous work.
The Canon is part of the intellectual currents of the middle of the 5th century BC. Polyclete applies these theories by creating effigies of athletes whose entire anatomy is governed by skilful calculations. He established a model of equilibrium that would become widely accepted as the contrapposto. The harmony of the whole is thus achieved by the readability of the "muscular armour", organised into clear and well defined masses.
Height: 77.16 ".
Width: 22.44 ".
Depth: 19.68 ".
Weight: 264.55 Lbs.
Material: reconstituted marble (marble dust + high density resin).
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