In Ancient Egypt, the goddess Bastet, represented as a cat, was worshipped at Bubastis in the Delta.
Bastet is actually a softened representation of the goddess Sekhmet who, each year, leaves Egypt in the form of a lioness, then becomes the "distant goddess" and then comes back soothed in the form of a female cat at the time of the flood.
Bastet can be represented in two different ways:
A young woman, with a cat's head, dressed in a tight-fitting dress with geometric motifs, carrying a small basket in one hand and a sistre in the other; she holds the aegis under her chest.
A pussy sitting on her backside, her tail spread out on the ground and surrounding the right front leg, her ears upright, crossed by gold earrings she wears a scarab on her head.
Domestic cats were also very common in Egyptian homes, symbolizing the presence of the divine spark. Cats were considered to be family protectors; they were mummified after their death and were often placed ex-voto in the sanctuary of the goddess Bastet.
Reproduction in patinated resin
Dimensions with base:
Height: 17.7 cm
Width: 7 cm
Depth: 10 cm
Weight: 640 g
Period: Around the 7th or 6th century BC.
Museum: Paris - Louvre Museum