The French army expedition to Egypt, commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte between 1798 and 1801, responded to two wishes. The first was to free Egypt from the power of the Mamluks through military and naval campaigns. The second was aimed at getting to know this foreign soil better: more than 35,000 troops accompanied a team of scientists. This phalanx was composed of nearly 175 scientists, most of whom were young engineers, technicians, mathematicians, chemists, orientalists, musicians, musicians... Other engineers from the great schools: Polytechnique, Ponts et Chaussées, Mines, completed this number. Famous figures such as the naturalist Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, the inventor and draughtsman Nicolas-Jacques Conté, the chemist Berthollet, the artist Vivant Denon...
In spite of the dust, the harshness of the climate, the diseases and the war context, these scientists inspected, surveyed and drew with great care and precision everything that the ground of Egypt had different from the West... Thus, they brought back to France a wealth of documents that were to be engraved and passed on to posterity. Even today they are still a unique source since some monuments have been destroyed.
Height: 76 cm
Width: 56 cm
Series: Description of Egypt or Collection of observations and research that were made in Egypt during the expedition of the French army (1798-1801), Paris 1809-1822.
Chapter: Natural History, Volume II - Plate: 6. Set of 907 boards.
Engraver: Pierre-Jean Boquet le Jeune, 1751-1817.
Provenance: Second Empire (1851-1870) - Order of the First Empire. Gift of the Imperial Library in 1866
Engraving date: 1805-1812
Technique: etching and chiselling
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