Iay, a high official of Pharaoh (Head of the Double Treasure), sits in the scribe's well known position as a tailor, holding in his left hand a papyrus unfurled on his knees showing a list of burial offerings. He wears a large wig leaving his ears uncovered and a short loincloth without belt, held only by a knot at the waist.
The first representations of scribes date back to the IVth dynasty (around 2620 - 2500 B. C.), they were then princes of royal blood, then gradually the civil servants adopted this position.
The scribe is the one who knows how to read and write, who uses the " divine words " (the Egyptian name for hieroglyphics), he is " the one who imposes taxes, who collects them, who keeps track of everything that exists " in short, he is " the first and the best of the professions ". It is also thanks to the scribes that we know Egyptian literature. Their boss is Thot.
Reproduction in patinated resin
Height: 17 cm
Width: 9 cm
Depth: 9 cm
Origin: Durand Collection, purchased in 1824
Period: About 1929-1843 BC, reign of Amenemhat II or Sesostris III.
Museum: Paris - Louvre Museum
Materials available: Resin or Bronze