The sphinx, a creature with a lion's body and a human head, appeared very early in Egyptian civilization. The most famous remains the one that was built in the Ancient Empire on the site of the pyramids of Giza. It combines the intelligence and authority of the king with the physical power of the lion. This one, in the name of King Nectanébo 1st, wears the nemès, a kind of pleated fabric placed on the royal wig.
A beard that has now disappeared once adorned the chin and a large necklace made up of several rows of pearls adorns her chest. Numerous sphinxes such as this one bordered the processional alleys giving access to the temples whose surroundings they protected.
Numerical reduction of one of the sphinxes of King Nectanebo's first alley (original width 90 cm).
INSCRIPTION: titulature of Nectanebo 1st with the 5 royal names:"May the Horus live with the energetic arm", name of the two mistresses:"The one who reorganizes the two countries"; name of Horus d' or: "He who does what the gods love"; the king of Upper and Lower Egypt:"Kheper-ka-rê = the soul of the sun is transformed"; the son of Re: Nakht-neb-f = Nectanebo endowed with life as Ra eternally. The names of King of Upper and Lower Egypt and sons of Re are inscribed inside the cartridge, a rope tied at one end.
Height: 13 cm.
Width: 18 cm
Depth: 5.3 cm
Period: Egypt - 30th dynasty - circa 378-361 BC, Sphinx of King Nectanebo 1st, 30th dynasty
Museum: Paris - Louvre Museum
Material: Reproduction in patinated resin